Pediatric orthopaedic conditions

Pediatric orthopaedic conditions

Most health conditions affect not only adult people but children, too. Parents have this in mind and that’s why they have paediatricians. Sometimes specific health conditions require a doctor with higher expertise in a significant area.

What is Pediatric Orthopaedic?

This is a specific type of doctor, who treats and diagnoses musculoskeletal conditions among children. Unlike surgeons, pediatric orthopaedics can provide surgical and non-surgical treatments according to Blogdaisy.com. They treat babes and children so you can trust their professionalism and expertise.

What does a pediatric orthopaedic do?

They will diagnose the exact reason for your child’s health problem and will recommend a treatment or rehabilitation. They will lead it and will correct it when it is necessary. Children and babies have bodies, that are not completely developed so pediatric orthopaedics change the therapy according to a child’s body and organism.

pediatric orthopaedist singapore

What is their salary?

Their expertise is one of the highest among doctors so it logical their salaries to be higher, too. According to financial reports, the average annual salary of pediatric orthopaedic is $430,000. If this sounds tempting, wait until you find out how many years they stay at school to receive a proper education.

How do you become a pediatric orthopaedic surgeon?

First, they have a bachelor’s degree in medicine, then they stay for 4 additional years to specialize and eventually they have another 4 years in residency in a hospital. If you sum up – these are 12 years of constant education. In addition, to be a good pediatric orthopaedic you should proceed with your education with the most innovative treatments and practices. Travelling around the globe for seminars and training starts as soon as you finish school. As you may see, they deserve their salary because they have invested a lot in their education.

What is pediatric care?

If you are interested in medical names then you probably know that pediatric care means medical care for children and infants. The name has Greek origin and translation is a healer of kids. The care includes not only treatments but the prevention of the worst children health condition. Branch of pediatric care is pediatric orthopaedic. Most people want to know if paediatrics deliver babies. In fact, they will be the first one who will exam the baby after the birth but they won’t interfere with the delivery. That’s someone else job. People often are curious if paediatrics make surgery, too. The short answer is some of them – do, some of them – don’t. Pediatric orthopaedic, for example, provide surgeries because their expertise requires a full care for pediatric orthopaedic conditions.

What age is considered pediatric?

As you may guess, people who are 19 years or more are not considered as children. In this case, he might redirect you to another specialist who will be able to pay you enough attention and treat you. That’s why different doctors have slightly different educational plan and different expertise.

Pediatric orthopaedic conditions

Their expertise affects many areas. If we want to get into details, we have to divide all conditions to a few groups.

The first group is the Spine Conditions

Spine conditions as a part of pediatric orthopaedic conditions include Kyphosis, Spina bifida, Scoliosis, stress fracture, and spine disorders. As you may see, all of them are serious spine conditions that require the highest level of expertise. The spine is responsible for walking and moving so children should have a healthy and well-developed spine.

The Second group is Genetic Conditions

Genetic conditions are Skeletal dysplasia, Achondroplasia, Osteogenesis imperfecta, Hereditary Multiple Exostosis, Neurofibromatosis, and Marfan syndrome. Some of them are inheritable while some of them have an undefined origin. However, all of them might interfere with the normal development of a child’s body.

The third group is Hip Conditions

Pediatric orthopaedics can take care of Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE), Femoral anteversion, Perthes disease, Hip dysplasia, and impingement.

Next group is Knee Conditions

Knees have a complex structure because they are responsible for the movement of the legs. If our knees don’t function properly we won’t be able to walk, sit, or jump. Knee orthopaedic conditions among kids include knee disorders, ACL (anterior cruciate ligament) injuries, Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD), Blount’s disease and Meniscus tears. Some of them can be a product of injury or a trauma so incidents happen, and we should be familiar with risks.

Foot and Ankle Conditions is next group

They include Vertical talus, Clubfoot, Toe walking, Metatarsus adductus. Like knee conditions, some of them might be a product of incident especially if the kid is playing some sport that includes running or jumping.

The last group is the General Conditions

It is the biggest group and it includes some common orthopaedic conditions and some not so common. Let’s see what’s in it: Shoulder dislocation, Arthrogryposis, Pediatric sports injuries, Bone cysts, Osteomyelitis, Cerebral palsy, Osteochondroma, Fractures and Growth plate fractures, Limb length inequality and Internal tibial torsion.

How to fix carpal tunnel syndrome?

How to fix carpal tunnel syndrome?

Don’t panic if you feel numbness in your hand! Many people rely on their hands for their jobs, commitments, and of course typing and communicating with other people online. The truth is that hands are tired sometimes and people experience pain. In addition, the medical world has found out special syndrome called carpal tunnel syndrome, which can be treated with surgery. We will take a look at all methods to relieve the pain in the wrist. The aim is to relieve the compression of the median nerve. This nerve is positioned over the wrist joint. The nerve comes from the shoulder all the way down to the fingers. Unfortunately, the space in the wrist is limited and sometimes carpal tunnel is too tight due to some reasons. The result is pinching the nerve and pain. Patients can feel pain in the fingers because 9 tendons run through the carpal tunnel. Logically, when there is not enough space, the patient will feel pain.

Why does the carpal tunnel get smaller?

There are different as origin reasons but most common are:

  • Pregnancy;
  • Diabetes;
  • Arthritis;
  • Hypothyroidism;
  • Repetitive movements of the hand when the wrist is higher than fingers.

What are the possible treatments?

What can you do at home?

If you are knowing what activity is causing the pain just stop it. Don’t try to be a hero and go on with the painful experience. Next thing you can do is to apply ice cubs on your wrist. You have to do that every hour for at least 10 minutes. This method will relieve the pain significantly. Before you go to sleep shake your wrists for a few minutes to relieve the stress. Shaking them is a little funny but you have to stay serious. A wrist splint can help too. If you don’t have one, you might find one at the nearest drugstore. Take some painkiller but make sure you consult with your general physician, first.

If the problem is in repetitive movements that you can’t stop then your best option is to take breaks.

Imagine that you are a musician and playing the guitar is your whole day activity. Your wrists probably would suffer badly, especially if you have bad posture while playing. The same thing applies to typing, writing, folding, etc. If you want really to avoid carpal tunnel syndrome surgery, you should take regular breaks. You will need 30-40 seconds for stretching your wrists and shaking your fingers. Sounds easy, right? Why don’t you do it then?

typing wrist

Wrist Splint

Wrist splints, similarly to knee splints, will support your wrists and will limit their movements. In addition, they will reduce the pressure and the tunnel might reverse the process of narrowing. Wearing them during the day is more comfortable that you have imagined so give them a try. Imagine that you are a tennis player and these wrists are as important as your career.

Wrists exercises

The good thing about exercising your wrists is that you can do it everywhere. No matter how occupied is your mind or your body if you don’t use your hands – you can stretch your wrists. One amazing exercise, that is going to banish¬†carpal tunnel syndrome – stretch your fingers, then make a fist slightly, and then stretch your fingers, again. Repeat it until you get bored or too tired. Another good exercise is writing numbers with your fingers – one number with one finger. If you want your wrists and hands to rest don’t put them down – put them up. Elevating limb is a tested method for resting.

When is the time to call your doctor?

More serious conditions need doctor’s opinion so you have to book a consultation. Usually, they prescribe corticosteroids in order to stop the inflammation and carpal tunnel syndrome. If the patient suffers from arthritis then these are the injections that could help him.

The surgery is next step – the surgeon will release the nerve and it won’t hurt anymore. Another good thing that only surgery can accomplish is freeing more space in the tunnel to prevent future pinching. Cutting the ligament is the last thing that the surgeon will do. Don’t worry, the ligament will grow up very quickly. The surgery is a simple one but can save patients from pain and discomfort. We don’t always pay attention to our wrists but in reality, we can’t do a lot of things without them.