What causes macular dystrophy?

What causes macular dystrophy?

Macular dystrophy is a are Eye Disease. Most eye diseases could be corrected with glasses or surgery but not this one. Unfortunately, macular dystrophy is not curable. The reason hides in the fact that it is not simple eye disease but more like a genetic disease. Keep reading and you will find out what causes macular dystrophy and why there is no cure for it.

What in fact is macular dystrophy?

Probably you know what is the structure of your eyes but in case you don’t, we will briefly explain it. In every human eye, there is a retina. In the middle of the retina, you can find the macula. The macula is responsible for colour perception and central vision. As you can guess, when the macula can’t perform its own duties, the person can’t see properly.

People report that they have significant difficulties to see in front of them so they can’t drive or read. The damage part is actually pigment cells that overcome the macula. That’s why the patient has blurred vision in front of him. An interesting fact is that the rest of the vision is intact. Unfortunately, macular dystrophy is a progressive disease so a patient’s condition will become worse with time. That’s why the best case scenario is the ophthalmologist to find out how fast patient’s condition is developing. Then the patient will have enough time to prepare his life and family and to adapt.

What causes macular dystrophy?

The only part of the reason is clear to the medics – genetic mutation. In details, if the BEST1 gene mutates, it causes Best disease, if the PRPH2 gene mutates, it causes adult-onset macular dystrophy. That’s all science know about causes of macular dystrophy. They don’t know why these genes mutate, they don’t know why mutation is causing storing pigmentation cells in the macula and they don’t know how to stop the process of happening.

Have in mind, that macular degeneration is a completely different term. It is the name of another eye disease, which is caused by ageing not mutation. You could distinguish two types of eye disease as you remember that the macular dystrophy occurs in children also while macular degeneration only in adults. However, both of them have the same symptoms like blindness or blurring in the central vision.

An elderly man eye disease

How could I find out if I have macular dystrophy?

The simple answer is that you will have troubles with your vision but you won’t be able to determine which is the exact cause. That’s why booking an appointment for visiting ophthalmologist is the best thing you can do. Actually, he won’t be able to tell you the reason only by examining you he will run some additional tests. One of them is fluorescein angiography, which is able to define if there is retinal damage and how bad it is. Next step is finding out how fast the disease is developing.

Another test which you might have to do is optical coherence tomography. It detects if there is a presence of yellow-brown pigment in the macula. If there is one, you have macular dystrophy.

The last option is the electroretinographic examination. It will show how bad or good your eyes see light. The quantity of received light beams will show if there is some serious internal problem. The ophthalmologist will determine if you have to make additional tests.

All tests are completely safe and won’t hurt your eyes. In addition, they are painless so you don’t have to worry about the pain. Find a good eye specialist and trust his assessment of your condition. Eye specialists with enough experience will lead you through the process and will answer all your questions. They will also explain to you and point you in the right direction for treatment options.

Macular Dystrophy treatment options

As we mentioned above, there is still no cure for this eye condition. Light in the tunnel are some gene therapies. The stem cell therapy shows significant improvement – it stops the development of the disease. There are not many tests because stem cell therapy is expensive and hard to perform but from the data, which is available, we might expect good things to happen in the future.

How to permanently remove freckles?

How to permanently remove freckles?

Snow white skin was a beauty standard for years. Today, most people don’t imagine plane white skin when we think of a beautiful face. Most people prefer slightly olive skin, that’s why solariums are so popular nowadays because people with crystal white skin can’t dye it in another color. However, sunbathing and solariums have one bad consequence – freckles. Most people just notice one morning these little brown spots, which had come from nowhere. Usually, this fateful morning is right after they came back from a holiday on the beach. The disappointment and the horror appear exactly at this moment. Panic follows and online browsing how to remove them as fast as possible before someone notice. Thankfully, there are worse things that could happen with your skin than freckles so don’t being a drama queen. Let’s find out what exactly are freckles and how to permanently remove them.

How do freckles appear?

Sun exposure causes our skin cells to produce more melanin. The result is a golden tan that we all love so much. Tanning beds do the same but the process is slightly different. However, both, tanning beds and sun exposure increase melanin in body cells. If the process goes on, melanin production becomes too much, and we see it as a freckle.

Some people are predisposed to freckles appearing. Usually, they have white skin and light hair colour. However, if we find 2 people with the same skin colour this doesn’t mean they will have equal quantity freckles. Scientists consider that the most important factor when it comes to freckles is heredity.

OK, so we already know what are freckles and how they appear, now let’s move on how to remove them and never see them again.

How to remove freckles forever?

Honey and vinegar

Mix two tablespoons with vinegar and honey. Apply the mixture on your whole face or on freckles only. You should stay 15 minutes top with the mask. Rinse it with warm water because honey is not easy to wash away. Repeat that every single day and the vinegar will whiten melanin cumulation.

Aloe vera gel

Aloe vera is a plant, which has amazing properties. If you apply aloe vera gel on your freckles and massage for several minutes it will penetrate deep into the skin. Unlikely vinegar, aloe vera might stay on your face for a few hours. Aloesin in the Aloe vera prevent pigmentation from developing so you can stop the process in its early stages.

Banana peel

First, eat the banana. Apply the banana peel on the freckles area. Use the inner part of the banana. Gluconolactone is a magical ingredient that helps with anti-ageing and darken spots. Try to do this at least once every two days.

woman with freckles in front of flower shop

Eggplant slice

You going to need a small slice of eggplant. Rub it to your freckles and rinse it after 15 minutes. Don’t forget to remove the excessive eggplant from your skin because It can start to irritate it. You can make this every day because eggplants have many vitamins and anti-oxidants.

Good to know is that homemade masks need time and repetitions to start acting. If you need to remove your freckles fast, then there is something called laser pigmentation removal suitable for freckles exactly.

Freckles removal with laser

Aesthetics clinics in Singapore offer freckles removal with lasers. The procedure is fast and there is no downtime. Laser treatments are suitable for removing any types of pigmentation, including dark spots, tattoos, etc. There are different waves according to the different pigmentation but the technology is almost the same. For more details and answers to commonly asked questions about laser treatment for freckles, you have to consult with a specialist in Singapore. They will recommend treatment and will tell you how to take care of your skin in the future.

Skin care is essential no matter what you consider as beauty. Regular cleaning and applying a sunblock are the two things that you should do to protect your skin daily. Don’t forget that freckles might be cute and don’t need removal.